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Voluntary Methane Regulations Not Enough to Protect Wildlife
Methane pollution from the oil and gas industry is a potent agent of climate change. It is a precursor to the ozone-containing smog marring some of our greatest western landscapes, thus making strong regulation of this harmful pollutant important for wildlife.
Thursday, July 23rd, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a proposal for its newest voluntary initiative, the Natural Gas STAR Methane Challenge Program. It is a revamped expansion of an existing voluntary program which suggests a set of best practices and guidelines to oil and gas companies for managing methane emissions. Companies who make and track voluntary reduction commitments will be publicly recognized by EPA as leaders in reducing methane emissions. While this first formal step towards methane regulation is important, voluntary initiatives are no substitute for comprehensive nationwide standards to address methane pollution from the oil and gas industry.
Impacts of Methane Pollution
Methane pollution poses a threat to wildlife through climate change, air pollution, and expanded development on critical habitat. The oil and gas industry, the nation’s largest contributor of methane pollution, releases enough unburned methane per year to heat 6 million homes.
Methane is a potent greenhouse gas (with 84 times the warming power of carbon pollution) and contributes heavily to climate change, which poses an unprecedented threat to the natural resources, wildlife, and the wild places we cherish. Methane is also not released by itself: smog and ozone-forming pollutants and toxic chemicals such as benzene leak from oil and gas sites along with methane, harming air quality and endangering public health and wildlife. Exposure to toxic air pollutants have similar impacts on wildlife and humans, including reproductive failure and birth defects. Strong methane regulations can help cut air pollution and encourage the oil and gas industry to take a more deliberate approach to future land developments.
The Risks of Voluntary Methane Regulations and Next Steps
The simple truth is that voluntary programs are simply not working. As of right now, less than 1% of oil and gas producers are a part of the existing Natural Gas STAR Program and have accomplished little in the way of decreasing methane emissions. Though voluntary initiatives, like the Natural Gas STAR program, serve as a beneficial complement to concrete rules, it is clear that these voluntary measures alone are not enough to make meaningful reductions. This is especially important since cutting methane pollution is vital to securing the climate benefits of the EPA’s Clean Power Plan, which will put first-ever limits on carbon pollution from power plants.
We need strict federal regulations on methane emissions from the oil and gas sector to effectively curb our climate pollution. Luckily, the EPA and the Bureau of Land Management are moving forward with mandatory regulations to limit methane pollution from the oil and gas industry. Cutting methane can be achieved in a cost-effective, efficient manner using existing technologies that often pay for themselves in a matter of months. Reducing methane pollution from the oil and natural gas industry is a virtually-unused tool to slow the rate of short term climate change and harness the waste of a public resource. Curbing methane pollution is an achievable step towards reducing the impacts of energy development, resulting in a triple win for wildlife, habitat, and climate.